What is the difference between nationalism and regionalism? The term nationalism basically means that you are showing patriotism. Having pride in your country. A good example of nationalism would be the United States after September 11th, 2001. Before the terrorist event, there were not a lot people who put American flags outside their homes. After the event, it seemed like everyone had an American flag outside their home in order to show their love and support for their country. According to the dictionary, regionalism is an interest in or loyalty to a particular region. So based on definitions, they are very similar to each other.
The book talks about an event that occurred in Belgium. They point out that the example shows a desire to align between a common identity and political identity. It also showed how important language is in building political communities. The book then talks about the word power. When I hear the word power, I do not instantly think of power, I think of pride. But that makes sense the more I think about it. If you country is united and has pride, your nation could be even more powerful since they are all united by a goal or principle.
For example, look at sports. Teams can be successful win they have a few players are really good. But, when a team starts to bond and work as one, they become more powerful. If a country can rally around their country and show their pride they can appear to be more powerful. The book then talks about how nationalism can effect how a country looks. The idea of ethnic identity. The other part of the reading looks at nationalism and regionalism as a social movement. The second section seems to be more of what we think of nationalism. Exploring how membership of a nation then can translate to particular political objectives. In the final section, the authors talk about the relationship between nations and states through Basque nationalism. The Basque nationalism was a political movement to gain independence.