Globalization is “the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets,” (Merriam-Webster). The definition mentions nothing of globalization causing issues and problems for our world but in the chapter, Painter and Jeffery state that If globalization challenges the ability of the state to plan, steer and govern the ‘national’ economy, then a state’s economy becomes effected by the actions of the people residing within the state and it becomes difficult to decide who holds the authority over each nation. An example of this would be if a business or organization makes investments in many parts of the world and makes economic decisions that affect people of another organization or business, would that organization or business have sovereign authority? Globalization or the creation of international faith communities can’t be stopped. Improvements being made in the advancement of technology will create a more complicated, interconnected world. If that’s the case, then how is it possible for a state to maintain sovereignty if their citizens do not solely depend on the state to provide them with economic success?
Another topic that is brought up is the idea that the state’s authority can be challenged by religions systems. Both violent and non-violent religious groups present a potential threat to a nation’s sovereignty. Terrorist groups would be an example of one of these violent groups.
The lack of authority, specifically higher authority, seemed to be a prominent idea throughout the article and was something that I found most interesting. The one thing that I think was most important about this article was the idea that if we make increases in global connections, then there might be an increase in a state’s ability to claim and sustain sovereignty.
In my opinion, organizations like the EU, United Nations, and the World Bank will increase the size of their organizations to the point of expansion. I have this opinion because I believe that these organizations will soon gain support from their citizens as well as their national leaders. These leaders will support these organizations because they will provide them (national leaders) with places where stability can be found. It would appear that we are beginning to see the transformation of our old world into a new one where the presence of sovereign, independent states is no longer existent. If that’s the case, then we should expect a change within the next 50 to 100 years. Our generation won’t experience that full transformation but the next generation will. The important question to ask now is, will the world be better or worse when independent states no longer exist?